If *insert your favourite god here* created the universe then why is it expanding?
The expansion is so specific there’s a scientific law and formula that explains it.
V = Ho d
- v = velocity of a galaxy, in km/s
- Ho = Hubble Constant, measured in km/s/Mpc
- d = distance of a galaxy, in Mpc
The ‘Hubble–Lemaître law’ shows that the objects are moving away from us with a velocity that’s proportionate to their distance, which means the further something is away from us, the faster the rate of expansion, and this has been observed by studying the ‘cosmological redshift’ (light emission) of the moving objects. Using the Hubble–Lemaître law, astrophysicists have accurately determined that the universe is 13.82 billion years old, and this points to a beginning or origin of the known universe.
There are two main theories which both involve a tremendous amount of dense energy and matter being violently released, causing a vast expansion of space almost instantly. The first is the ‘Primordial’ or ‘Primeval Atom’ theory which was proposed by ‘Georges Lemaître’ and that is the beginning was a ‘single quantum’ with the universe in an infinitely dense state. He suggested that if the universe is expanding then it must have been smaller in the past which leads to the conclusion; it must have had a starting point. The second is the ‘Initial Singularity’ which is similar in that the universe was infinite density and gravity and a tremendous release of energy and heat has been observed with the ‘Cosmic Microwave Background’ (CMB) radiation. It’s suggested by cosmologists that quantum fluctuations within the singularity allowed it to rapidly expand in a time known as ‘Planck epoch’, which is the beginning of time and space. Whilst these are both just theories, the science and mathematics both confirm the universe is expanding from a point of origin.
“The radius of space began at zero; the first stages of the expansion consisted of a rapid expansion determined by the mass of the initial atom, almost equal to the present mass of the universe.” – Georges Lemaître
Why did *insert your favourite god here* allow the most destructive force in the universe to exist; a ‘black hole’?
At the centre of a black hole is the ‘singularity‘, which is a point where everything we know about physics goes out of the window. In a singularity is an immense mass that’s crushed into a small space, where both gravity and density are apparently infinite. Once an object passes the ‘event horizon‘, nothing, not even light can escape. Within the singularity it’s considered that all of the mass and space time (three dimensions of space and the one dimension of time) of the universe was contained, and ‘Planck Epoch’ began. It’s difficult to imagine that all the energy and matter within the universe condensed into a tiny space, so whatever caused it to expand, it expanded with unimaginable force to escape the gravity of a black hole and expanded over a vast distance almost instantly at incredible speeds.
This puts God in an awkward position, as black holes certainly exist, and two were specifically studied. One, ‘Sagittarius A’, is located within our galaxy, the ‘Milky Way’, and the other is far away, ‘M87’, in the ‘Messier 87’ galaxy.
“M87* contains 6.5 billion solar masses. One solar mass is equivalent to the mass of our Sun, approximately 2×10^30 kilograms” – Source
So why would God create something so immense and with destructive power with no comparison? That’s because he didn’t, I know it, and many other people know it, but theists are so conditioned to accept God did it. There’s no reason why God would create black holes as they serve no purpose other than to destroy whatever is in their path.
If *insert your favourite god here* is all-knowing and loves us all unconditionally, then where is there so much unnecessary suffering?
If a supernatural being created everything we know then where’s the compassion if he loves us all? Theists will defend the actions or lack of by playing the old sin card. The very first humans disobeyed god so he punished every single person and animal since. He promised that every woman will go through painful labour during pregnancy. Regarding original sin, how exactly does this apply to animals that unnecessarily suffer, or children that live a brief, miserable existence as they die from an illness that despite continuous attempts, doctors cannot secure a cure. The ‘god works in mysterious ways‘ excuse is unacceptable considering the plethora of ways that humans and animals suffer around the world. Be it natural disasters, contaminated water, failed crops, and many painful diseases that destroy their victim without mercy. Why would a loving god create illnesses and diseases that are capable of destroying lives in such a cruel way?
“You can’t just say there is a god because the world is beautiful. You have to account for bone cancer in children.” -Stephen Fry
If *insert your favourite god here* exists then surely the objective evidence to support this would be them revealing themselves?
Many people are Christians and many of them believe some if not all that’s written in the Holy Bible, but it’s just a collection of religious texts amongst many who all make similar claims about creationism, yet none have any basis or evidence to support what’s written. Outside of those pages there’s no evidence of any scientific explanation being influenced by a god. Science is ruled by strict observations that’s extremely sceptical until evidence is repeatable and demonstrable. Evolution is a proven fact and because scientists can’t explain abiogenesis this doesn’t pave the way for the god of the gaps or make any argument in favour of creationism any more valid. Scientists can accurately date using several methods and are certain of not only the age of the Earth but all life shares the same genetic make up and all evolved from a universal common ancestor. Even if god was responsible but the first unicellular life and he programmed it to reproduce and adapt, it contradicts the Bible or the Qur’an. If god was responsible for evolution then the garden of Eden story is refuted, if evolution is denied then that’s purposefully and wilfully ignoring facts. Theists often say that a creation needs a creator but who created the creator? The answer that god always existed is nonsensical as what was he doing before he created the universe?
“You ever noticed how people who believe in Creationism look really un-evolved? You ever noticed that? Eyes real close together, eyebrow ridges, big furry hands and feet. “I believe God created me in one day”. Yeah, looks like He rushed it ” – Bill Hicks