Mao Zedong (1893 – 1976)
Mao Zedong also went by the name Mao Runzhi (毛润之). Mao was born In Shaoshanchong, Xiangtan County In Hunan province. This was a sacred region renowned for its Buddhist community. Mao was brought up in a Confucianism environment, but reacted against it from an early age.
His mother, Qimei, was a devout practising Buddhist, and Mao often took trips with her to the local temple in the hope it would influence Mao into becoming a Buddhist monk.
‘Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life‘ – Wikipedia
His father arranged a marriage for him when he was just 13, but he wasn’t interested and moved away. In 1911 he began education at Changsha where he found himself interested in Republicanism.
‘Republicanism is a representative form of government organization. It is a political ideology centered on citizenship in a stateorganized as a republic. Historically, it ranges from the rule of a representative minority or oligarchy to popular sovereignty.‘ – Wikipedia
When the Xinhai Revolution broke out Mao enlisted as a soldier but that only lasted 6 months and he found himself being increasingly interested in Classical liberalism.
Mao trained as a teacher and moved to Beijing which was Peking at that time, and he got a job in a University library, and it’s there where he discovered Marxism through literature. In 1921 he became one of the founder members of the (CCP – Chinese Communist Party 中国共产党)
In October 1949 Mao announced the birth of the People’s Republic of China (中华人民共和国).
With Chinese communism going from strength to strength, Mao and other members of the CCP set about restructuring China. Industry, infrastructure and farming (The Great Leap Forward) became key points to work in and during the initial phases they worked very closely with the Soviet Union until their friendships diminished. Unlike the Soviet Union, China didn’t have a surplus of food and supplies and due to the considerably larger population, about 20,000,000 people were estimated to have died of starvation between 1959 and 1962.
Mao, still intent on keeping his control over a billion citizens, started the Cultural Revolution, and during this time up to 2,000,000 people were killed.
‘Across the country, millions of people were persecuted and suffered a wide range of abuses including public humiliation, arbitrary imprisonment, torture, hard labor, sustained harassment, seizure of property and sometimes execution. A large segment of the population was forcibly displaced, most notably the transfer of urban youth to rural regions during the Down to the Countryside Movement. Historical relics and artifacts were destroyed and cultural and religious sites were ransacked.‘ – Wikipedia
Mao was a heavy smoker and suffered a list of ailments, but three successive heart attacks in 1976 killed him at the age of 82.
Once again, after research, I’ve come to the conclusion that the acts from Mao were not in behalf of atheism. It was political control and fanaticism to blame.
‘The atheist atrocities fallacy is a multifaceted and multidimensional monster, comprised of a cocktail of illogically contrived arguments.‘