Osama Bin Laden (1957 – 2011)
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن – Arabic) means (Osama, son of Mohammed, son of Awad, son of Laden) was born in Riyadh (الرياض), Saudi Arabia in 1957, to an extremely wealthy family who’s origin was Yemen (ٱلْيَمَن). They were said to have made approximately 5,000,000,000 dollars, which some 25,000,000+ was inherited by Osama.
Osama’s mother and father divorced not long after he was born, and was raised by his mother and her new husband and his half brothers and sisters.
Osama was raised as a Sunni Muslim (Sunnah سُنَّة).
”The Quran (the holy book of Islam) and the sunnahmake up the two primary sources of Islamic theology and law. The sunnah is also defined as “a path, a way, a manner of life”; “all the traditions and practices” of the Islamic prophet that “have become models to be followed” by Muslims. – Wikipedia
He was educated at the secular Al-Thager Model School (مدارس الثغر النموذجية) in Saudi Arabia, and later attended King Abdulaziz University (جامعة الملك عبد العزيز) where he studied economics but his heart was in religion, the Qur’an and Jihad. At the age of 14 he was invited to join a small Islamic study group that was run by a teacher who was heavily influenced by The Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn) , The Society of the Muslim Brothers (جماعة الإخوان المسلمين Jamāʿat al-Ikhwān al-Muslimīn) who were believers that every country should adopt Sharia Law.
At the age of 17, in 1974 he married Najwa bin Laden née Ghanem, a Syrian woman, and she was the first of 5 alleged wives, and fathered over 20 children.
Bin Laden had developed extremist views, and one of his main focuses was an obsession with America and how he believed their foreign policy harmed, killed and oppressed Muslims in the Middle East. He was the belief that every western country was immoral, due to intoxication, sexual acts including homosexuality, and that the west was controlled by Jews. This earned him a lot of respect from the far right fascists and racists.
In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, Osama joined the Afghan resistance and moved to Peshawar, where he gained aid from America and the C.I.A under the program named Operation Cyclone.
Operation Cyclone funded and aided Mujahideen (مجاهدين mujāhidīn) which was the term used to describe militant Islamic groups that used guerrilla style warfare against the Soviet Union. Whilst the money was quite insignificant at first, it rose to hundreds of millions of dollars. Despite much criticism, America continued to fund, support and train what was eventually going to be used against them.
The Soviets eventually withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989 and America labelled Osama and his Islamic army as ‘Freedom Fighters’. Upon his return to Saudi Arabia he criticised the country and was eventually exiled and he took up residence in Sudan.
By 1993 he had successfully formed Al-Qaeda (القاعدة al-Qāʿidah) as an underground movement which meant ‘The Base’. The idea was to be a Jihadist movement, fighting against anything that went against Islamic Laws. Saudi Arabia took away his passport and his family revoked his inheritance but he continued to organise world wide terrorist attacks, killing many people with the firm intention of starting a war with America, who were once his allies. He was once again exiled and this time took refuge in Afghanistan.
In Afghanistan he felt at home with his army of soldiers under the protection of The Taliban (طالبان, ṭālibān). During this time he continued to arrange terrorist attacks, but the world had no idea what he had in store for America September 11th, 2001. His team of Al-Qaeda terrorists carefully organised a plan to hijack 4 commercial airplanes. The rest is history, and was one of the worst terrorist attacks humanity has ever endured.
President George W. Bush declared war on Al-Qaeda and The Taliban. For more than 10 years Bin Laden was hunted in an out of Pakistan and Afghanistan until the day came where they had a good idea of where he was. This was the start of Operation Neptune Spear.
‘Operation Neptune Spear, was carried out in a CIA-led operation with Joint Special Operations Command, commonly known as JSOC, coordinating the Special Mission Units involved in the raid. In addition to SEAL Team Six, participating units under JSOC included the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne)—also known as “Night Stalkers”—and operators from the CIA’s Special Activities Division‘ – Wikipedia
The resulting mission ended with the death of Osama Bin Laden, he died in Pakistan 2 May 2011, from gunshot wounds. There are many conspiracy theories surrounding the 9/11 attacks and Bin Laden’s death, but President Barrack Obama said this:
Tonight, I can report to the American people and to the world that the United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama Bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaeda, and a terrorist who’s responsible for the murder of thousands of innocent men, women and children. For over two decades, Bin Laden has been al-Qaeda’s leader and symbol, and has continued to plot attacks against our country and our friends and allies. The death of Bin Laden marks the most significant achievement to date in our nation’s effort to defeat al-Qaeda. Yet his death does not mark the end of our effort. There’s no doubt that al-Qaeda will continue to pursue attacks against us. We must – and we will – remain vigilant at home and abroad. As we do, we must also reaffirm that the United States is not – and never will be – at war with Islam.