To reason is to use logic to come to a conclusion, or to discover an explanation, or justification for something, by being rational and open minded to possibilities, in which decisions are considered. Reason is an act of cognition, which involves the process of gaining knowledge, and making sense of it. It’s often the core of decision making and helps you decide if something is potentially true, or potentially a falsehood.
People use reason for moral decision making. They use reason to justify if something is beneficial by applying logic, and also the other use of the word reason where you give examples of why something could potentially be good, or potentially be bad, and what the consequences of your decision could be.
Reason can be affected by emotions especially if it’s a ‘heat of the moment’, in where people are too consumed with emotion to listen to reason. To successfully apply reason you need a rational, unbiased, and sound mind, and because of this, belief is the death of reason.
Some philosophers say that regardless of whether a person is primitive, or civilised, belief or the idea of believing in something is at the core of being human. If you believe in something you’ll fight for it. Belief, or believe, are words that don’t sit comfortably with me, as I always think they are lazy words, as if you just believe something a person is accepting of it without sitting down, and logically contemplating whether it’s genuine, or false.
Belief is to have confidence that something is the truth, despite having no absolute proof, and Epistemology cover this as well as justification, knowledge, and scepticism. For me, scepticism is as equally important as knowledge, as the truth can often be discovered from doubt, or being unconvinced of something, as the more you question and search the more chance you have of discovery.
So if a person believes in God with absolute certitude, it stops you from thinking creatively, and upon accepting the religious doctrine, gives you freedom from doubt, which is a very unhealthy mindset. It’s like when people ask if you believe the glass is half empty, or half full, I’d question the process used to get it exactly half, whereas many would just accept or believe it was half, and this is where the problems start.
Question everything as it’s our right to be curious, and as a wise man once said:
“Assumption is the mother of all F#ck ups!”