If, like me, the concept of a any ‘God‘, and him being the ‘divine creator‘ of everything, leaves you with more questions than answers, then it’s extremely hard to even contemplate ‘intelligent design‘.
As well all know, God created the Earth with the Heavens and he declared:
“Let there be light”
As he like to talk to himself, and didn’t think to create the ‘celestial body‘ we know as the ‘Sun‘ until day four, rather than on day one.
“Then God said Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth’; and it was so. Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. So the evening and the morning were the fourth day” – Genesis 1:14-19
Why would God create such a massive mass that generates ‘nuclear fusion‘ by turning hydrogen nuclei into helium, that’s approximately 93,000,000 miles away with a limited lifespan?
He’s God, why did he over complicate things?
As we all know, the Sun will eventually die, and scientists claim it will grow before its death and consume much of the solar system. Why would God create a Sun that will eventually die and kill the Earth with it? Why did he put it so far away, but the exact distance away to sustain life, but is also capable of giving life skin cancer?
Why did he decide to put Earth third in a row of eight planets, and make four of them ‘Gas Giants‘, and all seven of the other planets in the solar system uninhabitable? Why do Saturn and Jupiter have potentially over two hundred moons between them? What was the point in God creating so much wasted opportunities in our solar system, never mind what could potentially be elsewhere in the universe?
There are many, many more questions for God to explain, or rather his followers, about some of the unusual design decisions regarding the universe, like the speed of light. Why is the speed of light limited to 186,282 miles per second? Theoretically there’s nothing that will travel faster, so why did God decide light needed an exact speed?
Why did God allow the most destructive force in the universe to exist; a ‘black hole‘?
At the centre of a black hole is a ‘singularity‘, which is a point where everything we know about physics goes out of the window. In a singularity is an immense mass that’s crushed into a small space, where both gravity and density are apparently infinite. Once an object passes the ‘event horizon‘, nothing, not even light can escape. Astrophysicists are relatively confident that the initial singularity that they claim existed before the ‘Big Bang‘ is responsible for the birth of our known universe.
Within the singularity it’s considered that all of the mass and space time (three dimensions of space and the one dimension of time) of the universe was contained, and ‘Planck Epoch‘ began. It’s difficult to imagine that all the energy and matter within the universe condensed into a tiny space, so whatever caused it to explode, it exploded with unimaginable force to escape the gravity of a black hole and expanded over a vast distance almost instantly at incredible speeds.
“About one ten-thousandth of a second after the Big Bang, protons and neutrons formed, and within a few minutes these particles stuck together to form atomic nuclei, mostly hydrogen and helium. Hundreds of thousands of years later, electrons stuck to the nuclei to make complete atoms.
About a billion years after the Big Bang, gravity caused these atoms to gather in huge clouds of gas, forming collections of stars known as galaxies. Gravity is the force that pulls any objects with mass towards one another — the same force, for example, that causes a ball thrown in the air to fall to the earth.” – Source
This puts God in an awkward position, as black holes certainly exist, and two were specifically studied. One, ‘Sagittarius A‘, is located within our galaxy, the ‘Milky Way‘, and the other is far away, ‘M87‘, in the ‘Messier 87‘ galaxy.
“M87* contains 6.5 billion solar masses. One solar mass is equivalent to the mass of our Sun, approximately 2×10^30 kilograms” – Source
So why would God create something so immense and with destructive power with no comparison?
That’s because he didn’t, I know it, and many other people know it, but theists are so conditioned to accept God did it. There’s no reason why God would create black holes as they serve no purpose other than to destroy whatever is in their path.
But are scientists correct in claiming that the universe is ‘13.8 billion years‘ old? What if they’re wrong, and it’s always existed in some form, or the universe has gone through cycles that all revolve around black holes destroying and creating? Theists claim that God has always existed, so it’s not unreasonable to think that perhaps the universe has.
The Earth has existed for over 4.54 billion years, and has gone through many geological changes, and life as we know it has been literally a heart beat in its lifetime. One of the first questions I’d ask God is:
Why Dinosaurs, and how exactly did they fit into his plan?
Dinosaurs existed for possibly up to 230,000,000 years before they went extinct, and didn’t coexist with humans like charlatan ‘Ken Ham‘ claims. Below is an excerpt from his website, ‘Answers in Genesis‘.
“Dinosaurs were created by God on Day 6 of creation, approximately 6,000 years ago, and were originally vegetarian. During the global Flood, many were buried and fossilized but two of each kind survived on Noah’s Ark. They eventually died out, due to human activity, climate changes, or other factors.”
I’m at a loss to attempt to understand how this man operates. I’m convinced he’s a phoney, but if he genuinely believes this to be true, despite the dating methods used by ‘palaeontologists‘ that put them millions and millions of years before early man came to be, then his state of mind needs to be addressed.
Dinosaurs were wiped out as a species approximately 66,000,000 years ago, not several thousands of years ago like Ken Ham claims, and are survived by birds, who are their closest living relatives. Experts put the number of dinosaur species at over 10,000 from ‘avian‘, to ‘non–avian‘, and one such species called the ‘Argentinosaurus‘, which grew up to 130 feet in length, and a weight of up to 110 tons. So how exactly would two of these get onto the ARK? I don’t think Ken Ham really thought this through.
Ken claims that the dating methods used by archaeologists and palaeontologists are inaccurate, but believes the words of a two thousand year old book of fables is accurate, and God’s word.
“There are two main methods determining a fossil’s age; relative dating and absolute dating. Relative dating is used to determine a fossils approximate age by comparing it to similar rocks and fossils of known ages. Absolute dating is used to determine a precise age of a fossil by using radiometric dating to measure the decay of isotopes, either within the fossil or more often the rocks associated with it.” – Source
Why did God leave evidence of Evolution?
This is perhaps the biggest debate that normal people and theists have. Theists claim that God is the architect of life, and normal people understand that science has an abundance of evidence to validate the theory of evolution, and much of it can be verified by using the scientific method. Theists use the same arguments over and over, and just display their ignorance to science when they claim a theory isn’t fact, and when you explain to them that evolution is fact, but the theory can change when we understand more, they still don’t get it.
Theists often claim that ‘Darwinism’ is a religion, and that it’s not got any basis to it, but many of them probably don’t know that ‘Jean-Baptiste Lamarck‘ brought the idea of evolution to the public at the start of the 19th century, and his theory being that the environment gives rise to changes in animals, may have perhaps influenced Darwin somewhat:
“It is not the strongest of the species that survives, not the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change.” – Charles Darwin
If God is indeed the creator of life, why is there literally examples of evolution everywhere? Why does bacteria become immune to antibiotics? Natural selection is the most basic mechanism of evolution, and ensures the survival of a species due to becoming in an equilibrium with their surroundings.
• Different individuals in a population have different morphologies, physiologies, and behaviors (phenotypic variation).
• Different phenotypes have different rates of survival and reproduction in different environments (differential fitness).
•There is a correlation between parents and offspring in the contribution of each to future generations (fitness is heritable) – Source
We live in a galaxy among billions and billions of other galaxies in a universe so large that we are unable to comprehend its size, as we have nothing to compare it to, yet many theists believe that we are at the centre of the universe (geocentric), and we are alone, made in God’s image. Just imagine many light years away, there’s another planet, or moon, that’s the correct distance from a star that’s harbouring life, and that life has also evolved into sentient life. What if they also believe in the concept of a celestial being that created them, and they’re also alone in the universe, and are on their form of social media calling atheists ignorant.
When an objects mass becomes great enough it starts to generate its own gravitational force, and because gravity works from the inside out, it makes planets oblate spheroids. Gravity is derived from the Latin word ‘Gravitas’ which means weight, as not only does gravity make an object accelerate towards an object of mass, but it gives the object weight depending on the amount of gravity created. Yet, gravity has laws, and like the speed of light is limited. One such law is called terminal velocity and is reached when an object is neither increasing in speed or decreasing. Imagine someone parachuting from a plane, and someone firing a gun downwards. Initially both are falling at a different speed as the parachutist is falling and accelerating, but the bullet is being propelled, but eventually the parachutist will reach maximum speed, and the bullet will slow down until both reach zero: terminal velocity (The gravitational force minus the force of drag (or air resistance) equals zero), and both of their speeds become constant.
Why would a God even think of applying such a law?
There are plenty of examples of other laws that have been studied, tested and agreed by scientists to be fixed. Take the famous three laws of motion by Newton as prime examples of this.
“• Every object in a state of uniform motion will remain in that state of motion unless an external force acts on it.
• Force equals mass times acceleration.
• For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.” – Source
Why is absolute zero set at −273.15 Celsius? Why does a liquid reach its boiling point, and instead of getting hotter it disperses into vapour?
If you research into ‘scientific laws‘ you will notice that they are conclusions reached from observations, and experiments that are repeatable that explain ‘natural phenomena‘. At no point does the scientific method EVER make the claim that ‘God did it‘.