It may seem like I have a tendency to attack America, but unfortunately they bring it on themselves with the abundance of ammunition that they provide to the casual observer. As a nation, they are incredibly paranoid and susceptible to propaganda, and seem, as a majority, to be extremely cynical about the politics of their country. As an example, if you’re not a Republican, who supports Donald Trump without question, and doesn’t think he’s the best president America has ever had, then you’re a liberal communist, and anti-America. Or as many MAGA like to affectionately call them ‘Libtard Demonrats‘, who work for Satan and their favourite hobby is killing babies.
“The main thing that I learned about conspiracy theory, is that conspiracy theorists believe in a conspiracy because that is more comforting. The truth of the world is that it is actually chaotic. The truth is that it is not The Iluminati, or The Jewish Banking Conspiracy, or the Gray Alien Theory. The truth is far more frightening – Nobody is in control.” – Alan Moore
So, I decided to look at the conspiracy theories that engulf the imagination of so many American people.
To put it simply, a ‘conspiracy theory‘ is an explanation for an event born from paranoia, and is usually involving a motivation, or agenda from political and social groups, ie: the ‘Illuminati‘, ‘Freemasons‘ or the ‘Cabal‘. A conspiracy theory is often founded on faith, or suspicion, rather than based on facts, and spread like wildfire across social media, be it blogs, YouTube, Facebook or Twitter. A conspiracy theory is seldom positive, and is often a sinister explanation for something that either can’t be explained, or the agreed explanation is an ill-created plot to purposefully deceive. Common conspiracy theories include the ‘9/11 attacks‘, ‘COVID–19‘, the ‘Kennedy assassination‘, ‘Chemtrails‘, ‘Flat Earth‘, the ‘Moon landings‘ or ‘climate change‘, and are often accusations of secret, hidden powers seeking world domination, or political advantage.
“Why do we love the idea that people might be secretly working together to control and organise the world? Because we don’t like to face the fact that our world runs on a combination of chaos, incompetence and confusion.
Don’t get me wrong. It would be downright ignorant, naive and foolish to imagine a world where no political party, organisation or corporation was seeking ultimate control and power. The world is full of corruption and greed, where the majority of powerful people have become powerful by being ruthless, but how many of the so-called conspiracy theories actually have genuine merit? I’m a natural sceptic so I’m not easily drawn into conspiracies unless I genuinely think there may be some truth behind it, but one topic I’ve studied extensively is the Flat Earth theory, as I originally created by Twitter account in an attempt to educate and reform the misinformed.
During my encounters with Flat Earth conspiracists I concluded that there were two main types that sometimes over lapped. There was the one who believed in primitive religious scripture, where many early civilisations, especially early Greece and Mesopotamia, who thought that the Earth was a disc, in a geocentric universe. Geocentric is where the Earth is at the centre of the universe and everything rotates around it. Some civilisations like the early Israelites believed the Earth to be encased with heavenly bodies like stars and the Moon within its firmament. Pythagoras in the 6th century BCE was the first to question to idea of a Flat Earth, and maintained that we in fact lived in a heliocentric universe and the Earth was indeed spherical. As you’d expect, this was met with much scepticism, and even up to the 16th century when ’Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaulti de Galilei‘ dared to go against the Catholic Church, he was charged with heresy and put under house arrest.
The second type of Flat Earth conspiracist is what you’d expect from someone who’s watched too many episodes of the ‘X–Files‘, and thinks world leaders meet up once a month in a dark, smoky room, drinking expensive scotch and discuss deceit and world domination. They tend to think that space doesn’t exist, and all of the world’s space administrations are fake, with the astronauts being actors. With space being fake, then the moon landing and America’s space shuttle missions obviously didn’t happen. The list of suspicions is literally endless as they are attempting to go deep down a rabbit hole that never existed.
One of the most common phrases that gets thrown around is ‘hidden in plain sight‘, and this usually refers to organisations that allegedly use a azimuthal equidistant projection of the world map, especially the ‘United Nations‘, and theorists believe this to be an admission of guilt. Little do they comprehend that an azimuthal equidistant projection is a map who’s points are at a proportionately correct distance from the centre, and is traditionally used in a war room to plan strategies. The Earth is proven to be an oblate spheroid, but many Flat Earth theorists think its one huge cover up to either hide God from mankind, or to hide something much more sinister. They believe that Newton’s ‘laws of motion‘, and Einstein’s ‘theory of relativity‘ as no more than mere pseudoscience and an elaborate hoax at humanity’s expense.
September 11 attacks
In 2001, the ‘New York World Trade Center‘ was ruthlessly attacked by ‘Al–Qaeda‘ as people were beginning their working day. Four passenger jets were hijacked by 19 terrorists, in which two of them were flown directly into the north and south towers of the World Trade Center which were located in Manhattan. A third passenger jet was flown into the Pentagon in Virginia, and the fourth was en-route to Washington D.C, but the terrorists were overpowered and the jet crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. It’s currently the most catastrophic terrorist attack in history, claiming the lives of 3000 people, injuring thousands more, and caused billions of dollars worth of damage to surrounding infrastructure which had an immediate effect on the world wide economy.
Initially Al-Qaeda, and its leader, ‘Osama Bin Ladin‘ denied any involvement, but in 2004 he revealed that he was after all responsible for the attacks, and it was a direct result of America’s involvement and interference in the Middle East. This is when America announced its ‘war on terror‘ and invaded Afghanistan to remove the Taliban‘s presence. Despite Bin Ladin’s admission of guilt, many theorists are adamant that the American government had a hand in it, or was solely responsible. Is there any truth to this even though there were thousands of witnesses to the planes flying directly into the buildings, and much of it caught on film?
Many theorists claim it was controlled explosions that brought down the towers, or ballistic missiles, and the reasoning is to justify the impending war on terror and the insurgence of ISIL and ISIS, which was an excuse to enter the area and profit from oil. Specialists that have studied the collapse of the twin towers claim that undoubtedly the aircraft’s impact would bring down the buildings, but without additional assistance it wouldn’t have happened so swiftly. They also claim that the heat generated from an exploding aircraft was insufficient to melt steel sufficiently to bring down such solid structures. Surely this is just clutching at straws if the perpetrators admitted their guilt?
During World War II, the Third Reich, under the leadership of the Führer, Adolf Hitler, systematically executed, tortured, starved and completely disregarded the human rights of the Jewish and ethnic minorities in Nazi controlled Germany, and surrounding states. Hitler’s aim was to destroy the untermensch (sub humans), and promote racial purity with the Aryan master race, and to continue what he believed to be God’s work. With this mind set he rounded up Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, the disabled and anyone who dared to oppose him and shipped to neighbouring Poland where they were forced into concentration camps where their fate was so often uncertain. As the German forces spread around Europe, mobile killing units known as Einsatzgruppen were created, and during the invasion of the ‘Soviet Union‘, they mass murdered up to 500,000 Soviet Jews. Near Krakow, Auschwitz, the infamous killing camp, Nazis were experimenting with mass execution methods. They concluded that the easiest and cheapest way was to use the gas Zyklon–B and this meant the building of extra camps to speed up the executions.
Despite all of this being recorded by Nazi officials, and eyewitness survivors, and allied forces capturing the camps, many still claim that the Holocaust was a hoax and no more than Jewish propaganda. This is where the separate theory that the world’s media was, and still is under Jewish control, and the Nazis never actually committed genocide, and the camps were built post-war. Many deniers wish to rehabilitate the Nazi regime, and the promote antisemitic agenda, in further attempts to cause the downfall of the Jews.
The Moon Landing
This is perhaps the most commonly discussed of all conspiracy theories, and we’ve all heard that it was staged in a studio, despite thousands and thousands of loyal NASA scientists strenuously working to put six crewed missions into space and to walk on the Moon. More than 40 years has passed since Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin walked for 3 hours on the surface of the Moon, collecting rock samples whilst Michael Collins remained on Apollo 11 orbiting the Moon and taking photographs.
In 1980 the Flat Earth society publicly condemned NASA, and accused them of purposeful deceit in creating a fake Moon landing that was sponsored by Walt Disney and directed by Stanley Kubrick. They attacked at a time when there was a high level of mistrust towards the American Government amid the Cold War, and many doubters claim that it was a hoax to literally better the Soviets in the space race as they were the first to send a cosmonaut into space, Yuri Gagarin.
Considering that this happened during the peak of the Cold War, and both America and the Soviet Union’s tensions were high, not once did the Soviet’s space program cry foul play, just like America never cried foul play when Gagarin was the first man in space. The Soviet Union had a more than sufficient intelligence network, and were competing to become the first nation to put humans on the Moon, but their missions had failed, so they had more than enough incentive to disregard America’s mission – but they didn’t.
There’s also the physical evidence that there’s been human activity on the Moon. During several of the Apollo missions and a mission by the Soviet Union in 1970 and 1973 entitled Lunokhod, ‘retroreflectors‘ were positioned so that lasers in observatories could be fired at them to calculate exact distances that the Moon was from the Earth. Add to that photographic evidence of tyre tracks and flags that are still visible to this day, there can be no dispute that the Moon landings happened.
New World Order
The ‘New World Order‘ is as far fetched a conspiracy theory as it gets, and focuses on a clandestine world super power that controls the media, world governments and world economies, and consists of the world’s elite Cabal pushing for eventual world domination. Conspiracists maintain that the Illuminati (‘enlightened‘) position their agents in high ranking government positions to dictate political movements, and several presidents of the United States of America have been subjected to scrutiny.
The Illuminati did exist, and were a Bavarian group that operated 250 years ago, and were a secularist organisation that believed in enlightenment ideology. They were essentially a revolutionary group that opposed monarch and theocratic rule, who operated in complete secrecy. Whilst their ideology became influential, their existence was short lived, but their reputation clearly lives on, and conspiracy theories about their continued existence are rife amongst the paranoia. The only real thing that exists about the Illuminati is legend, and anytime a significant event happens, people in basements claim that the New World Order are responsible!