”Atheists believe that everything came from nothing”
Is a straw man fallacy that I’ve read more times than I care to mention. It’s a presumption that being an atheist automatically makes you a believer in the ‘Big Bang’ which theists claim ‘everything came from nothing’.There are two major flaws in this argument.
The first is if the ‘Big Bang’ originated from an initial singularity, or the primeval atom like many astrophysicists suggest then that isn’t ‘nothing’. There was obviously quantum activity which was responsible for the fluctuations that initiated the massive release of energy.
The second is quantum physics states that there’s no such thing as ‘nothing’, as there is always something there even if it’s invisible to the human eye.
Because of quantum mechanics there is no such thing as a state of nothing as there are atoms, photons and neutrinos in the vacuum of space, along with dark matter and dark energy. In other words the blackness of space is littered with activity, and just because it can’t be seen doesn’t mean it’s not there. Black holes have been a tricky thing for scientists to capture images of, as against the blackness of space it would appear as though there’s nothing there. They only know they are there because of the destruction they cause.
I quote the BBC comedy Red Dwarf:
”Well, the thing about a black hole – its main distinguishing feature – is it’s black. And the thing about space, the colour of space, your basic space colour, is black. So how are you supposed to see them?”
Take an empty fridge for an example. To the naked human eye there’s nothing in it, and it means that an urgent trip to the grocery store is required. But in reality there are microscopic organisms, germs and bacteria. Just because you can’t see them doesn’t mean the space is empty.
In regards to the vacuum of space, and understanding that quantum mechanics means there’s activity wherever your scientific equipment is looking, it means that the idea of nothing is an impossibility. Take an empty, unused jar. It seems like there’s nothing there, but it contains the gases in our atmosphere and light particles. Even sealed in a vacuum environment, it still wouldn’t be without activity. So nothing, as a word describing an apparent void, is misleading.
If you’re interested, Here are the results of a 2015 experiment carried out to observe quantum fluctuations without damaging them, but be warned, this isn’t for the faint of heart. This is some complicated science.