About ΉΣᄂIᄃӨП,

My name is Karl, and I have interests in theology, psychology, philosophy, science and ethics. World of Humanism is where I’m free to share my thoughts

MAGA: Make America Great Again

This is an updated version of an article I wrote on the 3rd of February, 2020, but as everyone is aware, America is going through turmoil, and much has happened since I originally published the article. I’ve already touched on this subject with my article ‘Would Jesus support Trump?’, but the MAGA crowd is seriously getting out of hand, and their unashamed ignorant bigotry is off the scale. One individual I encountered on Twitter used the slogan ‘LibertyGunsJesus‘, which if you ask me isn’t a normal attitude to life. I don’t ever recall seeing any image of Jesus in a Church, or religious establishment, brandishing a firearm. Thirty six years before Trump’s successful presidential campaign, ‘Ronald Reagan‘ used a similar slogan, ‘Let’s Make America Great Again‘. This time, however, it’s synonymous with bigoted, hate-filled, pro-life, God-fearing, gun-toting hypocrites, who attempt to hide their racism through Bibles verses.

“I predict that in 10 years from now, the Red “Make America Great” Hats will be a symbol of Racism that people avoid in a similar way as they do the Swastika.” – Ed Krassenstein

The MAGA mentality is about putting the alleged belief in ‘Jesus‘, and their obsession with ‘Donald Trump‘ before everything else regardless of the consequences. Jesus was supposed to represent love, but are the hashtags ‘#DrainTheSwamp‘, ‘#BuildTheWall‘, ‘#DemonRats‘, ‘#Libtards‘ and ‘#AmericaFirst‘ representing love? We all know what happened the last time the America First slogan was used, when the resurgence of the ‘Ku Klux Klan‘ emerged during World War I, and twelve years later during a Ku Klux Klan march in New York on ‘Memorial Day‘, a certain ‘Fred C Trump‘ was arrested; who happens to be the father of the 45th President of the United States, a certain Donald Trump. What Fred’s role was is uncertain, but surely it’s brought about some embarrassment from his son, but unless you’re arrested, no one knows who’s behind the mask.

“Most Nazis, KKK members, MAGA minions, and other deplorable racists don’t even know they’re racists, because they don’t know that the malicious lies they believe about other races aren’t actually true.” – Oliver Markus Malloy

I’m not anti-American at all, but I’m vehemently anti-MAGA, and I fail to understand the ‘Great Again‘ suggestion. As far as I’m aware, from America’s Inception, which I covered in my article ‘Inception to Independence’, is tarnished with controversy, from the extermination of the indigenous population, to the slave trade where Africans were abducted, and taken to America to be treated like animals. The Second World War is heavily remembered with America only joining the war because the ‘Japanese‘ attacked the military base at ‘Pearl Harbour‘, and as a reply, they decimated ‘Hiroshima‘ and ‘Nagasaki‘ with atomic weapons, killing hundreds of thousands of innocent people. The U.S army have committed many more atrocities throughout Asia in the ‘Korean War‘, the ‘Vietnam war‘, and in Arab states like ‘Iraq‘ and ‘Afghanistan‘, and the CIA supported ‘Khmer Rouge‘ after they’d committed genocide throughout Cambodia. I recently wrote an article about Donald Trump, and the crimes, the buy outs, and the controversies should have put him in prison, not the White House.

One of the major issues that the MAGA crowd don’t understand is that Trump’s ego is so over-inflated, and he loves himself more than he loves America. They’re under the illusion that everything he’s done, or allegedly done is for the people, when it’s really about him, and how he’ll be remembered as a president. The MAGA crowd don’t realise how much of an international bully America is, and how despised it is by so many countries due to it thinking that it’s ‘Team America: World Police‘. Every time something happens in his favour he takes credit, even when credit isn’t due, and his tribe of Trumpanzees lap it up, often oblivious to what’s going on. I understand political allegiance but many have a cult like mentality, who see the ‘Democrat party‘ as liberal devil worshippers, which in itself is an oxymoron. Just over ten years ago, Donald Trump was a member of the Democrat party, but it seems the MAGA crowd have incredibly short memories, and not very intellectual.

He’s consistently lied, misled, got confused, and made racist comments, which should really leave his majority Christian followers seething, but they love him now more than ever. He’s forever being accused of scandal, he’s been married three times, and allegedly had sexual relations with porn stars, yet supporters of the Republican Party think he’s been chosen by God, and if this is the case, God’s let his standards slip to an all time low!

America is currently under heavy protests for this murder of ‘George Floyd’ by a ‘Minneapolis‘ police officer, ‘Derek Chauvin‘, who knelt on his throat for eight minutes despite repeatedly telling the officer that he couldn’t breathe. George has been arrested for allegedly using a forged $20 in a store, but even if it turned out to be true, he didn’t need to die for it. Trump has not handled the aftermath well at all, and has been accused of inciting violence and ‘Joe Biden‘ suggested that Trump was using the incident to appeal to his supporters.

“serving the passions of his base” – Joe Biden

Washington’s Archbishop ‘Wilton D Gregory‘ has condemned Trump for his heavy handed tactics against peaceful protestors. He accused Trump of a publicity stunt in front of a house of worship, where police used tear gas to disperse protestors so that Trump could have a photo taken with a Bible in his hand. Because the majority of his presidential candidate was voted by white evangelicals which totalled 81%, many religious leaders around the world are saying that he’s using religion as a political weapon.

“the ongoing evil of white supremacy” – Archbishop of Canterbury

America has had an issue with white supremacy since its inception, but the cases of police brutality against ‘African Americans‘ is out of hand, and the world has reacted using the #BlackLivesMatter slogan. I recently watched a documentary about ‘Kalief Browder‘, who was arrested for allegedly stealing a back pack, and was sent to ‘Rikers Island‘ at just ages 16, where he spent three years without trial and the majority of it was in solitary confinement. After he was released without charge, he struggled to live his life as his incarceration affected him mentally and emotionally and sadly he ended up taking his own life. During the documentary it revealed how more often African Americans, and Latino are targeted by the police compared to white people, and after the death of George Floyd this really resonated with me. When this type of thing is a frequent occurrence throughout America, how can the MAGA crowd ignore it, and continue to support Trump, who uses tragedy to further his political career? Instead of building walls, Trump should be building bridges.

Religion: A mental disorder?

Yesterday I questioned whether liberalism is a mental disorder, and made the claim that it’s obtuse and extremely facetious, but I shall today judge religion by its own standards. God is a delusion and man created the ideas of gods to control the common man, as it’s a useful weapon for the powerful, and the leaders. The Abrahamic religions especially fear their god, and the threat of facing him and not receiving their desired judgement, and through this fear they claim unequalled love for their god, where they put their faith before their own families. A delusion used to be referred to as being fooled, and this is still appropriate, but it’s more commonly known as an idiosyncratic belief or impression maintained despite being contradicted by reality or rational argument, typically as a symptom of mental disorder, according to Oxford dictionary. Religion is very much contradicted by reality, and rationality, as it takes a very ignorant person to ignore the evidence of known science; ie evolution, and claim that god created everything.

“The way to see by Faith is to shut the Eye of Reason.” – Benjamin Franklin

Is there a difference between religious fervour and mental disorders? Anything that can affect your judgement to make logical decisions is a mental disorder, and people believing that they speak to god, and he speaks back at them is not thinking like a normal person. The American Psychological Association claimed that after doing a five year study that extreme religious behaviour hindered one’s ability to make conscientious decisions about common sense matters. If one claims to have a voice inside their head advising them of what to do, more often than not they are diagnosed as being a sufferer of schizophrenia, which is a form of psychosis, but when a theist claims to be engaging with god, or Jesus, this is perfectly acceptable in society. Take prayer as another example of an unhealthy form of delusion. Does prayer achieve anything, other than making a person look like they’re having a conversation with themselves, and has prayer ever been proven to be effective and give desired results?

“When one person suffers from a delusion, it is called insanity. When many people suffer from a delusion it is called a Religion.” – Robert M. Pirsig

When people become fundamentalists regarding their religion, it’s a fine line between being obsessive about their faith, and needing to receive mental health care. Religion is about compliance, and religious leaders don’t wish for people to have their own unique individuality, as they want people who wish to obey, and people that are fearful of questioning the will of god. What better way than to control a society through the fear of a god that can become malevolent if you don’t do as he bids. Many Christians argue that their god is in opposition to evil, but if the flood mythology is anything to go by, he’s perfectly capable of mass genocide if he’s unhappy. You’ve got to have some form of psychosis to believe that it’s perfectly acceptable for god to wipe out the majority of life on Earth, just because he’s god, and he can give and take away as he pleases. You’ve also got to suffer from a mental instability to believe that god sent his own son, who’s really him in human form, to die for the sins of humanity.

“Religious fanatics want people to switch off their own minds, ignore the evidence, and blindly follow a holy book based upon private ‘revelation’. – Richard Dawkins

Sigmund Freud described religion as a childlike neurosis, and suggested that it was unhealthy for the mind as it forced you to believe in what isn’t true. But if it makes a person happy, then who are we to judge? The issue here for me is that religious people are unable to keep their beliefs and condemnations to themselves, and have a habit of preaching to people who don’t share their views, and this is what creates the problems, as religion is about a personal relationship with a god, and it should not be forced upon people. Yet society is polluted by religion almost everywhere you go, and just because the majority of people on the planet have some firm of faith, it doesn’t mean that they are correct. Mark Twain once said that when you find yourself on the side of the majority, it’s time you took a step back and reflected. Whilst religion can offer comfort, and social circles which surround the church, or it can give someone a positive outlook on life, it’s still founded on deception, as none of it can ever be proven to be true. Especially for an extremely sceptical person like myself, who’s got to 46 years old without once ever experiencing a supernatural event, and if I’ve ever told a religious fanatic this, they often say that you must seek god, as he won’t seek you. Is this not just a little too convenient to be taken seriously?

Liberalism: A mental disorder?

‪I will start off by saying that anyone who makes this claim is without a doubt ignorant, extremely facetious, and obtuse. A mental disorder is a psychiatric condition that causes impairment, or affects a person’s judgement, behaviour or perception, and it can range from an isolated incident, to a serious condition that can cause distress, and the need to seek a psychiatrist which can lead to mind altering medication. Being so flippant about something so serious is showing complete disregard for the welfare of people who are genuinely ill. It makes my skin crawl when I read the five words ‘Liberalism is a mental disorder’, or the extremely vile alternative ‘libtard’. It’s often White supremacist, homophobic, right wing Christians who have an obsession with the first and second amendment that use this phrase, as they’re clearly unable to accept people being allowed to express their individuality. ‬

La Liberté éclairant le monde

‪”Humanism split into three main branches. The orthodox branch holds that each human being is a unique individual possessing a distinctive inner voice and a never-to-be-repeated string of experiences. Every human being is a singular ray of light, which illuminates the world from a different perspective, and which adds colour, depth and meaning to the universe. Hence we ought to give as much freedom as possible to every individual to experience the world, follow his or her inner voice and express his or her inner truth. Whether in politics, economics or art, individual free will should have far more weight than state interests or religious doctrines. The more liberty individuals enjoy, the more beautiful, rich and meaningful is the world. Due to this emphasis on liberty, the orthodox branch of humanism is known as liberal humanism” – Yuval Noah Harari‬

‪A libtard is obviously a condescending, derogatory mixture of liberal and retard, and is often directed at left wing people, who demand equality, justice, freedom of choice, reform and social progression, whereas right wing are usually traditionalists, nationalists, over patriotic, and needy of a moral authority giver, usually god. Despite the god worshippers claiming their moral superiority, they’re unable to accept liberalism, which is a moral philosophy with its emphasis on equality; be it social, human, sexual or gender. They demand democracy, and secularism. This strikes fear into the hearts of the right wing bigots, as they feel like it’s an attempt by atheists to remove god from society, but liberalism also agrees with freedom of religion, but just as important is freedom from religion, and it shouldn’t be involved in politics, or influence the government. ‬

‪With the right wing bigots being traditionalists, this means that they believe that a man should marry a woman, start a family, attend the church regularly, and the man provides, and the woman is the homemaker. This view is so archaic and out of touch with the reality of the modern world, as it’s 2020, not 1820. Liberals focus on both gender equality and racial equality, and if the right wing were truly patriotic, they’d remember that in the ‘Declaration of Independence‘ it says that “all men are created equal”, so liberalism shouldn’t need to exist. But unfortunately it’s not that simple, as the Bible is far more important, and because it allegedly condemns homosexuality.‬

‪”If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death; their blood is upon them.” Leviticus 20:13‬

‪Liberalism is a doctrine that attempts to protect and enhance the freedom, and rights of all humans, which acknowledges a person’s individuality, be it sexual orientation, religion, race, nationality, and ‘Plato‘ said that society should be organic, and work like a beehive, with everyone doing their necessary duty to create harmony and an equilibrium. Liberals are also keen on reform and progression, and the means to reach this is dialogue, and communication. As the saying goes, the pen is mightier than the sword. In the case of liberalism being a mental disorder, the sword is completely wrong. ‬

‪”Of all the varieties of virtues, liberalism is the most beloved” – Aristotle‬

A retrospective: Donald Trump

Since becoming the 45th President of the United States of America, Donald Trump has become one of the most infamous political figures in history. As the world watches his legacy unfold, the god fearing, gun supporting Christian majority, MAGA Republicans, believe him to be of legendary status, whilst everyone else is bewildered as to how he became the commander-in-chief of one of the most powerful nations in the world, and a resident at the Oval Office of the White House. How has such a controversial figure managed to split America down the middle, and be loved by so many for his disingenuous public displays of egotistical arrogance, and childlike tantrums. Many people were critical of Obama’s policies and claimed that Trump has done more for America in four years than Obama did in eight, but as a political figure, Trump significantly lacks the dignity, and the humbleness of Obama, and he’s a puppet on a string for the Republican Party.

‪It’s really cold outside, they are calling it a major freeze, weeks ahead of normal. Man, we could use a big fat dose of global warming!” – Donald Trump‬

Donald John Trump‘ was born in 1948, in the borough of Queens, New York City, and was the son of the real estate developer ‘Fred Trump‘, who was the son of German immigrants. He was raised as a Presbyterianism because of his mother’s faith, and he claimed in 2015 that he regularly attends Marble Collegiate Church in New York, but the church countered this by claiming he isn’t active, so another lie, and yet he still wins the November 2016 presidential election. The apple certainly didn’t fall far from the tree where Donald and Fred are concerned, and both have been surrounded by accusations of corruption regarding their business models.

“In 1954 Fred was investigated by the Senate Banking Committee for allegedly abusing the loan-guarantee program by deliberately overestimating the costs of his construction projects to secure larger loans from commercial banks, enabling him to keep the difference between the loan amounts and his actual construction costs. – Source

Although he was never officially charged with any crime, it tarnished his reputation, and his conscience got the better of him, and he returned $1.2,000,000. After the accusations, which he admitted to pocketing over $3,000,000 for his own commercial projects, he was denied access to further state loans. In 1974, Donald became president of his father’s empire which he renamed the ‘Trump Organisation‘. Before this happened, both Fred and Donald were accused of racial discrimination towards African Americans who lived at Trump owned housing developments, and they were sued by the Department of Justice. The Trumps immediately countersued as their reputation had been tarnished, and the settlement meant the Trumps never had to admit guilt. Does this mean that Fred genuinely was a member of the Ku Klux Klan, as after all, he was one of seven arrested at a rally in 1927 due to rioting?

‪Sorry losers and haters, but my IQ is one of the highest – and you all know it! Please don’t feel so stupid or insecure, it’s not your fault.” – Donald Trump‬

After taking over his father’s company, Donald expanded it greatly by buying and building hotels, casinos and golf complexes. By 1990 his self estimation of his fortune was around $1.5,000,000,000. Trump has been repeatedly asked to present his tax returns since taking the role of United States President, but he constantly ignores the request. It’s almost like he has something to hide. Throughout his career as a real estate mogul he’s been in the firing line with accusations of racism, misogyny, fraud, false advertising, tax evasion, and breach of contract, but being filthy rich, he can afford the best lawyers who somehow always manage to get deals where he’s held unaccountable. Between 1991 and 2009, the Trump Organisation has filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy no less than six times, which left him with banks refusing to bail him out of trouble, all except the Deutsch bank.

“In fall 2019, after Trump admitted to misusing money raised by his foundation to promote his presidential campaign and settle debts, he was ordered to pay $2,000,000 in damages” – Source

Regarding his presidential campaign, is he truly a Republican, as his political affiliation seems inconsistent, and he’s been a Democrat and the independent Reform party, before rejoining the Republican Party in 2009. He’s since been advised to sell off his business ventures as he’s been accused of violating the Foreign Emoluments Clause, in which it’s unethical to receive funds from foreign governments as it can lead to influence, yet several key governments who are responsible for human rights violations have invested in the Trump organisation. When Trump was in the reform party he was in the running for the presidential race, but after polls claimed that with him running against ‘George W. Bush‘, he had no chance whatsoever as barely anyone supported him, and he dropped out to save himself from future embarrassment. So how was he so successful in November 2016, and what changed? Surely it wasn’t his public persona on the Apprentice that brought him further into the public eye? It’s common knowledge that during his campaign he was accused of pandering to the white supremacists to gain votes, and he had huge support from the Ku Klux Klan as they believed he was prepared to take the country back from immigration and foreign nationals.

You know, I’m automatically attracted to beautiful — I just start kissing them. It’s like a magnet. Just kiss. I don’t even wait. And when you’re a star, they let you do it. You can do anything….Grab them by the pussy. You can do anything.” – Donald Trump

Many of the MAGA crowd, despite claiming to be deeply religious, have far right views on immigration, national patriotism and homosexuality. Trump has been under intense scrutiny since 2016 for a long list of accusations by the Justice Department, with over 20 separate investigations surrounding every area of his presidency, and his business ventures. He’s allegedly paid out many millions of dollars to keep people quiet about incidents he’s supposedly been involved in, most notably having an affair with a porn star, and presidential campaign influence from Russia.

In December 2019 two articles of impeachment were brought to the House of Representatives, and if the Senate reached 2/3rds majority in favour of removing Trump from office, then the Democrats accusation of obstructing Congress would be valid, with ‘Mike Pence‘ automatically becoming President. The trial failed, and was always going to fail, as the Republican Party had the most seats. Out of 44 Presidents, this is only the 3rd time one has faced impeachment, and they include ‘Andrew Johnson‘, ‘Bill Clinton‘ and ‘Donald Trump‘. ‘Richard Nixon‘ was facing impeachment but he resigned before it was set in motion, and as of yet, no American President has been removed from office, but if Trump wins the 2020 election in November, then he’s got another four years to ruin his career once and for all.

If you had any doubt that Donald Trump is an imbecile, then the above video confirms it. The man can barely string a coherent sentence together.

Why America is losing its religion

Americans aren’t happy, and it’s because their overly patriotic nationalists are fearful that Christianity is losing its influence. Since the birth of social media, people are able to debate instantly with other people from all around the world, and with the internet becoming so advanced, it’s made researching a lot simpler. This has led to a surge of people critically thinking and leaving their faith behind, to the distaste of the American Christians who believe it’s the influence of Satan over society. What many Americans fail to recognise is they live in multicultural, cosmopolitan cities, and many people don’t believe in the Christian god, as they have their own faiths. Gone are the days when everyone was a Christian, and they socially gathered at church. One of the biggest things to impact America is the desire for secularism, and many Christians believe that’s it’s a personal attack against their faith, in an attempt to remove Christianity from society, but it’s not. It’s about giving everyone an equal voice, without one religious denomination having priority over another, yet many evangelicals see it as secular atheism, and atheists wishing to remove god from America.

“If Christ were here, there is one thing he would not be—a Christian” – Mark Twain

Over a quarter of Americans now identify as either being non-religious, agnostic, or atheists, which according to the Pew research centre, is a 17% rise in ten years, and this has impacted Christianity with roughly 65% identifying as Christians, but many not practising their faith. Christianity very well may eventually become insignificant to the majority of the American population. If you look through the history of America, which is quite a short life span, it’s undergone some dramatic situations, and atrocities in the name of god. Slavery, persecution of the indigenous population, suffrage, Ku Klux Klan, and the Civil Rights movement, that have all been consequences from the actions of Christianity, and despite many Christians claiming that no true Christian would commit an act of atrocity, history doesn’t lie, and many younger Americans feel like they need to distance themselves from it. Add to that the MAGA crowd, who are often far right nationalists that claim their love of god, and belief in pro life, but are obsessed with the 2nd amendment, and are bigoted towards anything without their alleged Christian values.

One of the reasons that Christianity is losing followers is their disregard to the dignity and rights of the LBGTQ society, and despite many of them growing up with a religious background, they often have no choice but to disaffiliate themselves with their church due to prejudice and discrimination, and whilst some churches are accepting, many are not. Many denominations of Christianity vehemently oppose liberal views, as allowing everyone their own identity is a rebellion against god. Out of the 50 states in America, literally a handful have progressed to attempt to protect the rights of the LBGTQ society. There are no federal laws to protect them against discrimination from employers, housing and social services, and many are outright rejected. America is renowned for being slow when civil rights are involved, and it took over 80 years for women’s suffrage to get them the right to vote, and despite African American men being allowed to vote 50 years prior, it was over 100 years before the black civil rights movement gained momentum, and still to this day racism is prevalent n America. If these examples are anything to go by, it’ll be a while before the archaic opinions of the average right wing MAGA become accepting towards them.

In America right now, the younger generation are much more educated than their parents and grandparents, and don’t prioritise their church activity, as the world is changing, and many feel that the church is out of touch with modern society. The two biggest religious denominations in America are the a Catholic Church, and the Southern Baptists, and both are surrounded with allegations of sexual misconduct from preachers. The church is known to support hospitals, and universities, and accounts for a portion of the economy, but other countries with more secular views find other ways to support the hospitals and universities. In the U.K we have the national health service, where you can visit a medical practitioner and not have to pay, but the universities have fees and students often leave with debts, which they have to repay once they gain employment. The church has no involvement, as a rule, unless it’s a religious school and that’s usually state funded.

Recent polls have discovered that 2/3rds of Americans want to churches to stay out of politics, and claim that it’s unethical for religious leaders to show support for certain candidates based on their religious beliefs, and they should remain neutral. If this trend continues then perhaps one day we may see a homosexual atheist in the White House. Many youths of America see religious leaders endorsing political candidates as suspicious, and full of agenda, and see Christianity as a political weapon for white supremacists. We are currently experiencing the moronic nature of the 45th president, and 43 of them have been white males. Times need to change, and we need to see a rational, uninfluenced, woman in the White House and then perhaps she’ll instil some common sense into the American public, as the men so far have failed.

God of disaster and disease

‪According to the Bible, and as usual I will reference the King James Version, life is predetermined by god, and he knows what you are going to do before you do. I don’t get why Christians trust god to put them on the correct course, or believe that god’s intentions are always fuelled by his love for us when so many bad things happen every day throughout the world. Let’s ignore actions that humans are responsible for, and think for a moment about natural disasters, like hurricanes, typhoons, floods, cyclones, tsunamis, earthquakes, wildfires, drought and famine. If god is all knowing, and all loving, why does he let natural disasters happen? If he knows that a catastrophic event is forthcoming, and he loves us, why doesn’t he prevent it?‬

‪”In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will” – Ephesians 1:11 KJV‬

‪In 2011, Japan, the city of Tōhoku, was hit by a typhoon which was caused by an earthquake of great magnitude. The waves reached up to 40 metres killing nearly 16,000 people, injuring many thousands more, and several thousand were missing. As well as the human harm, it affected wildlife, and caused approximately $360 billion of damage, and whilst this happened, people still believed that god was lovingly watching over us. Out of the 10 most destructive natural disasters, China has suffered 6 of them, and the other 4 have all been in Eastern Asia, where millions of people perished. Yet, whilst all this destruction was taking place, god lovingly watched. ‬

Cyclone Nargis hit Sri Lanka and Burma in 2008 causing disaster our flooding and landslides killing 150,000 and 50,000 more reported missing. The Bhola cyclone devastated Bangladesh in 1970 killing roughly 300,000 and thousands more reported missing. In 2010, Haiti and the Dominican Republic as hit by an earthquake, and the governments to this day still aren’t sure how many died, but it’s estimated at over 300,000. In 2019 fires broke out in the Amazon rainforests hitting Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia due to an extremely intense dry season, and it’s estimated that up to 80,000 individual fires ravaged the rainforests causing unprecedented damage and loss of life to humans and wildlife. The fires were that intense that they were observed by the International Space Station (ISS), as 3,500 square miles of forest was destroyed, which caused grave international concern due to the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Yet, whilst all this destruction was taking place, god lovingly watched.‬

‪During the last century, famine has been common place in areas of Africa, especially Ethiopia where millions of men, women, and children have died from starvation, or disease from contaminated water. The worst famine occurred in 1984 and this resulted in the Live Aid concert to raise awareness and funds to attempt to counter the devastation, but 36 years on the death toll is still there. Whilst Africa is notably affected by famine, China has suffered greatly over the centuries, and not just from the Great Leap Forward who Mao Zedong was responsible for. In India from 1876 to the turn of the twentieth century, up to 20,000,000 have perished through famine due to crop failure and seed shortages. Between 1845 to 1849 the Great Hunger hit Ireland resulting in over 1,000,000 deaths and 2,000,000 being forced to relocate over seas. This was a result from potatoes being contaminated with a disease called potato blight, that is caused from mould called Phytophthora infestans.

Yet, whilst all this was taking place, god lovingly watched. ‬

‪The Dust Bowl of North America was a series of severe dust storms that destroyed agriculture and paved the way for a number of droughts, killing plants, livestock and humans. As well as causing serious malnutrition to a great many people who relied on the local agriculture, the spread of disease was rife, and many were infected with dust pneumonia, rickets, and valley fever (a fungal infection of the lungs). Between 2006 and 2010, Syria was hit by its worst drought in history, taking the lives of over 200,000 and turning the farmland into desert. 1.5,000,000 people were displaced. In 2011, Somalia was hit by a drought, and its agriculture and livestock was destroyed, and claimed the lives of 260,000.

Yet, whilst all this destruction was taking place, god lovingly watched. ‬

‪In between 1918 and 1920 the world was hit by the Spanish flu, which attacks the respiratory system. It’s claimed that up to 500,000,000 were infected, and it claimed the lives of approximately 50,000,000 worldwide in just 18 months. It’s the most deadly pandemic that the world has ever seen. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), often leads on to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and the World Health Organisation (WHO) says that 35,000,000 have died from the illness, and there are current,an estimated 7,000,000 infected in Africa. The illness was discovered in 1984, so that means on average, 970,000 die every year.

Yet, whilst all this is taking place, god lovingly watched. ‬

‪”And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.” – Exodus 15:26‬

‪Throughout history, billions of people have died from diseases and illness, and as you can see from the above quote, god admits to being responsible, but don’t forget kids, he loves us all. ‬

A retrospective: Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant‘ was born in Königsberg, Prussia, a region of Germany, in 1724. He grew up to become one of the most influential philosophers surrounding epistemology during the Age of Enlightenment. As philosophers go, Kant was the real deal, and followed in the footsteps of ‘Sir Francis Bacon‘, who 200 years previous had focused on rationalism, the pursuit of reason, and empiricism which involves knowledge that’s gained through experiences of the senses. He was born and raised as a Lutheran, and started at the local Pietist, Latin school aged 8 where he remained a student until he was 16, and he then enrolled at the University of Königsberg, where he studied theology. It was here that he discovered his love of physics, and he began reading the works of the most notorious scientists and philosophers of the past.

“It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience.” – Immanuel Kant

One of Kant’s areas which he began to study was metaphysics, which is theoretical philosophy that focuses on cause and effect; the cause of the universe and the nature of being. In other words it studies how and why, and a perfect example is the question; Divine Creation, or the Big Bang? The second of Kant’s areas was the study of ethics which began with his Pietist faith. He believed that morality comes about by using extensive reasoning, and this led him towards political ethics where he claimed democracy and liberty would lead to world peace. Despite being raised as a Pietist, and adhering to the ethics of his faith, he became sceptical towards arguments defending theism, and some historians claim he was an agnostic, and others say he developed atheistic views. I think it’s fair to say that his spirituality was an ever developing idea, and when applying reason, he struggled with the concept of god.

“All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.” – Immanuel Kant

As a scientist and philosopher he turned the world upside down with his theories and ideas regarding cosmology, ethics, politics, geology and physics. He was a thought machine, and many of his theories despite being disregarded in certain circles during his life, have stood the test of time and his influence on modern science has been monumental.

He proposed the nebular hypothesis which is the theory that the solar system was formed 4.5 billion years ago by a nebula cloud containing dust and gas. As it became denser, gravity formed objects of mass which include the planets and the sun, and they began to rotate. Kant claimed that the evidence for this was the fact that all the natural satellites in the solar system (planets and moons) all orbit around the Sun in the same direction, and because over 99% of the mass in the solar system is the Sun, it attracts all the other objects of mass. The gravity of the Sun condensed until it reached a critical point and the hydrogen atoms fused to create helium, and nuclear fusion began with the Sun coming to life. He proposed that galaxies formed in a similar way, and each galaxy had an infinite amount of solar systems that formed by gravity interaction.

As a moral philosopher he never encouraged any theism in his approach, and he deals with something he described as ‘fact of reason’. What this implied was every human has been endowed with a conscience, and with this comes empathy and reason, and without freedom we have no moral worth, but he also dismissed the idea of free will and believed in the theory of causality proposed by ‘Isaac Newton‘. In other words, morality is derived from consequence, and we must always endeavour to respect humanity in ourselves, and once that’s achieved we will understand our intrinsic moral duty. He separated the idea of morality into two distinctions.

Theoretical reason is studying the natural world through understanding why

Practical reason studies the questions of how the world ought to be and tells us our duty

As well as personal ethics, he had a deep interest in political ethics which involved an honest government and civil rights. In a way he was an idealist and believed that human were inevitably going to reach a state of perpetual happiness, but there must be reform. This he believed would come from a Rechtsstaat, which essentially means ‘rule of law, or state of justice‘, which is a form of constitutionalism. As well as wishing for universal peace, he claimed that wars lead to economic turmoil, and the more expensive wars become, the more reluctant that nations will wish to get involved, which will eventually lead to conditions of peace, which encourages morality.

Have the courage to use your own reason- That is the motto of enlightenment.” -Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals

Regarding Kant’s cause and effect ideas; every action has a reaction, he also studied autonomy and its influences, like universality and particularity, objectivity and subjectivity, conformity and individuality, and what impact they have on decision making, and especially in regards to morality. He defined autonomy into three categories that are:

The right to make decisions without outside influence

The right to make decision independently using personal reflection and reason

The right to be accepted by others that morality is universal and what is required by you, is required by all

“Autonomy, in Western ethics and political philosophy, the state or condition of self-governance, or leading one’s life according to reasons, values, or desires that are authentically one’s own.” – Source

Kant’s ethical ideology is known as Kantian ethics, or deontological ethics, means ethical duty. This involves something that Kant coined as ‘Good Will‘, which suggests that doing something that you consider good, doesn’t automatically make it good, it’s the attitude behind the action which is important. Take theism as a perfect example of why it cannot be categorised as good will. Once there’s a reward for doing a good deed, then the act of morality is cancelled, and according to Kantian ethics, you do a good deed because it’s your duty, not for merit. So good will and duty is what defines morality, not pleasing the will of a god, and once opposing inclinations outweighs rational incentive, the moral framework breaks down.