About ΉΣᄂIᄃӨП,

My name is Karl, and I have interests in theology, psychology, philosophy, science and ethics. World of Humanism is where I’m free to share my thoughts

God of the gaps

If *insert your favourite god here* created the universe then why is it expanding?

The expansion is so specific there’s a scientific law and formula that explains it.

V = Ho d

  • v = velocity of a galaxy, in km/s
  • Ho = Hubble Constant, measured in km/s/Mpc
  • d = distance of a galaxy, in Mpc

The ‘Hubble–Lemaître law’ shows that the objects are moving away from us with a velocity that’s proportionate to their distance, which means the further something is away from us, the faster the rate of expansion, and this has been observed by studying the ‘cosmological redshift’ (light emission) of the moving objects. Using the Hubble–Lemaître law, astrophysicists have accurately determined that the universe is 13.82 billion years old, and this points to a beginning or origin of the known universe.

There are two main theories which both involve a tremendous amount of dense energy and matter being violently released, causing a vast expansion of space almost instantly. The first is the ‘Primordial’ or ‘Primeval Atom’ theory which was proposed by ‘Georges Lemaître’ and that is the beginning was a ‘single quantum’ with the universe in an infinitely dense state. He suggested that if the universe is expanding then it must have been smaller in the past which leads to the conclusion; it must have had a starting point. The second is the ‘Initial Singularity’ which is similar in that the universe was infinite density and gravity and a tremendous release of energy and heat has been observed with the ‘Cosmic Microwave Background’ (CMB) radiation. It’s suggested by cosmologists that quantum fluctuations within the singularity allowed it to rapidly expand in a time known as ‘Planck epoch’, which is the beginning of time and space. Whilst these are both just theories, the science and mathematics both confirm the universe is expanding from a point of origin.

The radius of space began at zero; the first stages of the expansion consisted of a rapid expansion determined by the mass of the initial atom, almost equal to the present mass of the universe.” – Georges Lemaître

Why did *insert your favourite god here* allow the most destructive force in the universe to exist; a ‘black hole’?

At the centre of a black hole is the ‘singularity‘, which is a point where everything we know about physics goes out of the window. In a singularity is an immense mass that’s crushed into a small space, where both gravity and density are apparently infinite. Once an object passes the ‘event horizon‘, nothing, not even light can escape. Within the singularity it’s considered that all of the mass and space time (three dimensions of space and the one dimension of time) of the universe was contained, and ‘Planck Epoch’ began. It’s difficult to imagine that all the energy and matter within the universe condensed into a tiny space, so whatever caused it to expand, it expanded with unimaginable force to escape the gravity of a black hole and expanded over a vast distance almost instantly at incredible speeds.

This puts God in an awkward position, as black holes certainly exist, and two were specifically studied. One, ‘Sagittarius A’, is located within our galaxy, the ‘Milky Way’, and the other is far away, ‘M87’, in the ‘Messier 87’ galaxy.

“M87* contains 6.5 billion solar masses. One solar mass is equivalent to the mass of our Sun, approximately 2×10^30 kilograms” – Source

So why would God create something so immense and with destructive power with no comparison? That’s because he didn’t, I know it, and many other people know it, but theists are so conditioned to accept God did it. There’s no reason why God would create black holes as they serve no purpose other than to destroy whatever is in their path.

If *insert your favourite god here* is all-knowing and loves us all unconditionally, then where is there so much unnecessary suffering?

If a supernatural being created everything we know then where’s the compassion if he loves us all? Theists will defend the actions or lack of by playing the old sin card. The very first humans disobeyed god so he punished every single person and animal since. He promised that every woman will go through painful labour during pregnancy. Regarding original sin, how exactly does this apply to animals that unnecessarily suffer, or children that live a brief, miserable existence as they die from an illness that despite continuous attempts, doctors cannot secure a cure. The ‘god works in mysterious ways‘ excuse is unacceptable considering the plethora of ways that humans and animals suffer around the world. Be it natural disasters, contaminated water, failed crops, and many painful diseases that destroy their victim without mercy. Why would a loving god create illnesses and diseases that are capable of destroying lives in such a cruel way?

“You can’t just say there is a god because the world is beautiful. You have to account for bone cancer in children.” -Stephen Fry

If *insert your favourite god here* exists then surely the objective evidence to support this would be them revealing themselves?

Many people are Christians and many of them believe some if not all that’s written in the Holy Bible, but it’s just a collection of religious texts amongst many who all make similar claims about creationism, yet none have any basis or evidence to support what’s written. Outside of those pages there’s no evidence of any scientific explanation being influenced by a god. Science is ruled by strict observations that’s extremely sceptical until evidence is repeatable and demonstrable. Evolution is a proven fact and because scientists can’t explain abiogenesis this doesn’t pave the way for the god of the gaps or make any argument in favour of creationism any more valid. Scientists can accurately date using several methods and are certain of not only the age of the Earth but all life shares the same genetic make up and all evolved from a universal common ancestor. Even if god was responsible but the first unicellular life and he programmed it to reproduce and adapt, it contradicts the Bible or the Qur’an. If god was responsible for evolution then the garden of Eden story is refuted, if evolution is denied then that’s purposefully and wilfully ignoring facts. Theists often say that a creation needs a creator but who created the creator? The answer that god always existed is nonsensical as what was he doing before he created the universe?

“You ever noticed how people who believe in Creationism look really un-evolved? You ever noticed that? Eyes real close together, eyebrow ridges, big furry hands and feet. “I believe God created me in one day”. Yeah, looks like He rushed it ” – Bill Hicks

Why I identify as an anti-theist

I will start by saying that I don’t directly hate religion, I just have serious concerns that I can’t ignore and for these reasons I can only say that I’m opposed to organised religion as a whole; especially Abrahamic faiths and their multitude of schisms that have broken away and formed little mini-cults. They all allegedly believe in some form of creator, but that’s about where the agreement on interpretation of scripture ends. Some want Sharia Law; others want dominionism. The idea that a country can run on Islamic Law; or a Christian governed nation primarily influenced by the Bible to rule as a theocracy terrifies me

I know some people find comfort in dark times; or solace when they are feeling alone, and this isn’t where my issues lay. People can go to church, they can praise the Lord until their hearts are content, and as they drift off to sleep that night knowing that soon they’ll be meeting the sweet little baby Jesus in Heaven, the angels will watch them sleep and ward off any evil spirits.

My issue is when religion becomes life itself. Where every decision and every action has to involve god, be for god, or to control under the name of god. When scripture is drummed into a child from an early age and they’re taught never to question. Those people grow into adults and register on social media sites. They attempt to compose genuine arguments using scripture, their own personal subjective opinion of scripture whilst proposing an objective standard of morality, that usually regard the things that they personally deem worthy and moral. They accuse you of misunderstanding scripture if you mention rape, slavery or mass genocide within the pages of the Bible; but in the same moment accuse you of being immoral because you’ve not chosen the path to god. Some fully support the death penalty yet claim to be pro-life. Some claim to be part of a religion of peace but wish for the world to be run under a caliphate that’s extremely strict and extremely brutal in punishment. Some claim to live their lives by the gospels of Christ yet own a collection of hand guns that you’d have to rip from their cold dead hands to take them away.

They ignore proven science like the expanding universe that must have had a point of origin. They ignore the fact that the universe is incomprehensible in size but think that their god thought he’d find a tiny planet deep within some random galaxy and give it the kiss of life; and suddenly man is made in god’s image. Some go so far as to completely disregard evolution as nothing more than a pseudo-science and an atheist religion. Adam and Eve were the first humans and the Bible is the truth. So the remains of fossilised early humans that date back over three million years was just god having a laugh and playing tricks on us? Oh god, you’re so funny.

They sometimes propose a world wide flood that some really old dude had a huge wooden ship that went all around the world collecting every single species of animal; whilst making sure that he remembered where he’d got everything from so he could take them all back home. God was pretty pissed off and drowned everyone else who wasn’t on that ship. I’d hazard a guess that every occupant on that ship was Jewish, and they restarted the human race as we know it. Yet the current population of Jews is around the 0.2% of the world population. So not only did Jews evolve into new ethnicities in just a few thousand years, but created thousands of languages and cultures.

People genuinely believe this shit. This shit influences people’s lives. They see every hardship as god giving them strength when they should be saying ‘fuck you god, gimme a fucking break‘. People are prepared to let someone in their family die because a medical procedure is deemed unclean in some weird belief systems, or thinking it’s perfectly acceptable to genitally mutilate your offspring because of your faith, yet it happens. Others make extremely important decisions whilst in office that allows a god to influence their mindset that could affect millions of people; many who don’t even share the same faith. I’m so tired of reading that religion has the advantage over morality and ethics when it’s historically the root of most evils.

Is Earth destined for a post-apocalyptic or dystopian future?

At the turn of the last century; during the end of the First World War, or the affectionately titled, ‘Great War‘; in which millions died in trench warfare, the planet was hit with the ‘Spanish flu‘ and a third of the population became infected. 500 million people from a global population of approximately 1.5 billion became infected and unfortunately for 50 million people it was fatal. A hundred years on and we could potentially be in a similar predicament with ‘COVID-19’ on a rampage throughout the world; and just today there’s been 50 thousand new cases in the U.K. (but.. from recent videos I’ve seen the testing method is far from accurate, but that’s another story for another day). Yet this time the global population is closer to 8 billion.

I’m sure that you’ll agree that’s a massive increase in such a short time, and it makes you wonder what the population will be like in a hundred years if people aren’t living in a post-apocalyptic world, or some other awful dystopian existence. With there being so much hatred, intolerance and bigotry around it makes me genuinely worry for the future of humanity as we know it; and there are a few other concerns that are quite evidently against humanity as a collective:

The arms race and the potential risk of nuclear destruction on an unprecedented scale.

The environmental disaster that’s imminently coming that’s going to dramatically affect the planet’s climate and inhabitants and is going to cause massive upheaval and potential destruction as the ice melts.

Religions gaining state theocracies and ruling under an iron fist.

Technology is the backbone of modern society. It could also be our downfall.

A potential catastrophic event like an asteroid collision with Earth which some historians think may have been responsible for the demise of the Dinosaur kingdom.

Nuclear devastation

Fortunately since World War II there’s been no devastation of the scale of what happened to Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 at the hand of America (with the consent of the U.K.) where hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians were killed by two atomic bombs; Fat Man and Little Boy. Despite that potentially fuelling further actions, thankfully 76 years later, we haven’t experienced anything of that scale, but we are well aware that some world leaders could potentially change that. Notably Iran and North Korea are countries that could unleash nuclear devastation.

Environmental disaster

There are many people that are climate change deniers but the evidence far outweighs conspiracy theories or religious beliefs. The Earth has spent the majority of its 4.54 billion year existence in a state of greenhouse effect where the atmosphere has warned up and has been predominantly carbon dioxide, which acts as a shield keeping the heat in, and in between that several contrasting ice ages. The Earth has always gone through cycles so it’s no surprise that the atmosphere is warming up and glaciers are melting as this has happened before, but this time humans have played a significant role with the burning of fossil fuels and the release of gases from factories and industries. Within the next few centuries the Earth’s life will experience much upheaval and detrimental geographical changes.

Catastrophic event

A catastrophic potential event is called a existential risk, and this could range from bioterrorism, cyber terrorism, pandemic, nuclear war, super-volcanic activity, asteroid or meteor collision, earthquake, mega-tsunami, solar flare, coronal mass ejection (CME) (which is a plasma explosion from the Sun) or a plethora of other things that could lead to near-extinction to humanity or species of wildlife that could dramatically alter the equilibrium of the food chain. The future of our species has a level of uncertainty.