God of the gaps

If *insert your favourite god here* created the universe then why is it expanding?

The expansion is so specific there’s a scientific law and formula that explains it.

V = Ho d

  • v = velocity of a galaxy, in km/s
  • Ho = Hubble Constant, measured in km/s/Mpc
  • d = distance of a galaxy, in Mpc

The ‘Hubble–Lemaître law’ shows that the objects are moving away from us with a velocity that’s proportionate to their distance, which means the further something is away from us, the faster the rate of expansion, and this has been observed by studying the ‘cosmological redshift’ (light emission) of the moving objects. Using the Hubble–Lemaître law, astrophysicists have accurately determined that the universe is 13.82 billion years old, and this points to a beginning or origin of the known universe.

There are two main theories which both involve a tremendous amount of dense energy and matter being violently released, causing a vast expansion of space almost instantly. The first is the ‘Primordial’ or ‘Primeval Atom’ theory which was proposed by ‘Georges Lemaître’ and that is the beginning was a ‘single quantum’ with the universe in an infinitely dense state. He suggested that if the universe is expanding then it must have been smaller in the past which leads to the conclusion; it must have had a starting point. The second is the ‘Initial Singularity’ which is similar in that the universe was infinite density and gravity and a tremendous release of energy and heat has been observed with the ‘Cosmic Microwave Background’ (CMB) radiation. It’s suggested by cosmologists that quantum fluctuations within the singularity allowed it to rapidly expand in a time known as ‘Planck epoch’, which is the beginning of time and space. Whilst these are both just theories, the science and mathematics both confirm the universe is expanding from a point of origin.

The radius of space began at zero; the first stages of the expansion consisted of a rapid expansion determined by the mass of the initial atom, almost equal to the present mass of the universe.” – Georges Lemaître

Why did *insert your favourite god here* allow the most destructive force in the universe to exist; a ‘black hole’?

At the centre of a black hole is the ‘singularity‘, which is a point where everything we know about physics goes out of the window. In a singularity is an immense mass that’s crushed into a small space, where both gravity and density are apparently infinite. Once an object passes the ‘event horizon‘, nothing, not even light can escape. Within the singularity it’s considered that all of the mass and space time (three dimensions of space and the one dimension of time) of the universe was contained, and ‘Planck Epoch’ began. It’s difficult to imagine that all the energy and matter within the universe condensed into a tiny space, so whatever caused it to expand, it expanded with unimaginable force to escape the gravity of a black hole and expanded over a vast distance almost instantly at incredible speeds.

This puts God in an awkward position, as black holes certainly exist, and two were specifically studied. One, ‘Sagittarius A’, is located within our galaxy, the ‘Milky Way’, and the other is far away, ‘M87’, in the ‘Messier 87’ galaxy.

“M87* contains 6.5 billion solar masses. One solar mass is equivalent to the mass of our Sun, approximately 2×10^30 kilograms” – Source

So why would God create something so immense and with destructive power with no comparison? That’s because he didn’t, I know it, and many other people know it, but theists are so conditioned to accept God did it. There’s no reason why God would create black holes as they serve no purpose other than to destroy whatever is in their path.

If *insert your favourite god here* is all-knowing and loves us all unconditionally, then where is there so much unnecessary suffering?

If a supernatural being created everything we know then where’s the compassion if he loves us all? Theists will defend the actions or lack of by playing the old sin card. The very first humans disobeyed god so he punished every single person and animal since. He promised that every woman will go through painful labour during pregnancy. Regarding original sin, how exactly does this apply to animals that unnecessarily suffer, or children that live a brief, miserable existence as they die from an illness that despite continuous attempts, doctors cannot secure a cure. The ‘god works in mysterious ways‘ excuse is unacceptable considering the plethora of ways that humans and animals suffer around the world. Be it natural disasters, contaminated water, failed crops, and many painful diseases that destroy their victim without mercy. Why would a loving god create illnesses and diseases that are capable of destroying lives in such a cruel way?

“You can’t just say there is a god because the world is beautiful. You have to account for bone cancer in children.” -Stephen Fry

If *insert your favourite god here* exists then surely the objective evidence to support this would be them revealing themselves?

Many people are Christians and many of them believe some if not all that’s written in the Holy Bible, but it’s just a collection of religious texts amongst many who all make similar claims about creationism, yet none have any basis or evidence to support what’s written. Outside of those pages there’s no evidence of any scientific explanation being influenced by a god. Science is ruled by strict observations that’s extremely sceptical until evidence is repeatable and demonstrable. Evolution is a proven fact and because scientists can’t explain abiogenesis this doesn’t pave the way for the god of the gaps or make any argument in favour of creationism any more valid. Scientists can accurately date using several methods and are certain of not only the age of the Earth but all life shares the same genetic make up and all evolved from a universal common ancestor. Even if god was responsible but the first unicellular life and he programmed it to reproduce and adapt, it contradicts the Bible or the Qur’an. If god was responsible for evolution then the garden of Eden story is refuted, if evolution is denied then that’s purposefully and wilfully ignoring facts. Theists often say that a creation needs a creator but who created the creator? The answer that god always existed is nonsensical as what was he doing before he created the universe?

“You ever noticed how people who believe in Creationism look really un-evolved? You ever noticed that? Eyes real close together, eyebrow ridges, big furry hands and feet. “I believe God created me in one day”. Yeah, looks like He rushed it ” – Bill Hicks

God: The illogical conclusion

Prejudice seems to be the main result for most religions, and it’s especially apparent in the Abrahamic faiths. They are often, but not always, misogynistic, racist, homophobic, judgemental, and bigoted, and if someone doesn’t adhere to the rules in their chosen sacred book, they seem to think that they are perfectly within their right to go on the offensive in God’s name. Abrahamic religions are especially disrespectful to women, and no more so in Islam where women are seen as servants and trophies, especially in Middle Eastern countries. Muslim men won’t think twice about raising their hands to their wives in public if they feel they are being disrespectful, and to strike an alleged loved one is an especially vile act of cowardice.

“For more than three thousand years men have quarreled concerning the formulas of their faith. The earth has been drenched with blood shed in this cause. . . .” – Felix Adler

When there are online Christian evangelicals like Ken Ham, Greg Locke and Ray Comfort who suggest to their followers that it’s perfectly acceptable to hate on behalf of God, and when you’ve got mean old bastards like Pat Robertson, who’s a televangelist, spreading loathsome religious propaganda to the masses, also on behalf of God, where exactly is the love of Christ represented in their behaviour?

“Religion is the brainchild of fear, and fear is the parent of cruelty. The greatest evils inflicted on humankind are perpetrated not by pleasure-seekers, self-seeking opportunists, or those who are merely amoral, but by fervent devotees of religion.” – Emmanuel Kofi Mensah

Not only are many representatives of Abrahamic religions hateful, but they promote fallacies for their own agendas. Be it filling the pews, lining their pockets financially, filling theme parks, or gaining notoriety. Ken Ham, for example lies in almost every tweet he makes. He’s trying to convince his followers that the Earth is less than 10,000 years old, and anyone who disagrees, or promotes secularism, liberalism, and same-sex rights is controlled by Satan. His brainwashed followers then visit his theme park and museum, buy merchandise and add zeros to his bank balance, and I’m quite confident that none of it is given to people that really need it, like Jesus would want. He’s one of many charlatans, like Kenneth Copeland who lead extravagant, jet-set lifestyles, who live in luxury whilst people are living in squalor and desperation, not knowing how they can feed their families.

“I call Christianity the one great curse, the one great intrinsic depravity, and the one great instinct of revenge, for which no means are venomous enough, or secret, subterranean and small enough – I call it the one immortal blemish on the human race.” – Friedrich Nietzsche

I should feel sorry for people that are taken in by their nonsense, but I struggle to feel pity for people who are gullible enough to go through life happy with their wilful ignorance, and lazy, intellectual cowardice. Scientists spend centuries sharing discoveries and theories, living by trial and error, stumbling and occasionally making a breakthrough, just for some fundamentalist to think they know better and simply state that ‘God did it‘ with no evidence or credibility.

“Of all the systems of religion that ever were invented, there is none more derogatory to the Almighty, more unedifying to man, more repugnant to reason, and more contradictory in itself than this thing called Christianity. Too absurd for belief, too impossible to convince, and too inconsistent for practice, it renders the heart torpid or produces only atheists or fanatics. As an engine of power, it serves the purpose of despotism, and as a means of wealth, the avarice of priests, but so far as respects the good of man in general it leads to nothing here or hereafter.” – Thomas Paine

Any grown adult who can quite happily accept fairytales and speculation, and disregard the scientific method clearly has an underdeveloped mind. It’s natural for humans to be curious, and I’m sure most of you have touched something that say ‘hot do not touch‘ just to see if it really is hot. I know I have and it’s a natural thing to discover for yourself.

“If a man would follow, today, the teachings of the Old Testament, he would be a criminal. If he would follow strictly the teachings of the New, he would be insane.” – Robert Ingersoll

I simply cannot just accept common opinions, and I think independently and form conclusions based on reason, logic and evidence. It’s not natural for a grown adult to blindly believe something and not question it, and just accept that’s the way it is, because a collection of books ‘The Bible‘, or the ‘Qur’an‘ say so. I cannot accept that a book written by men can be the word of God. If he can create the Universe and all that’s within it, why couldn’t he create a book himself? Why did he have to tell ‘Musa’ (Moses) what the ‘Ten Commandments‘ (Ethical Decalogue) should be? It all seems a little too convenient for me to take seriously.

“Religion is the brainchild of fear, and fear is the parent of cruelty. The greatest evils inflicted on humankind are perpetrated not by pleasure-seekers, self-seeking opportunists, or those who are merely amoral, but by fervent devotees of religion.” – Emmanuel Kofi Mensah

I fail to understand how theists cannot recognise that religions are manmade and not Godmade. Man has always feared and worshipped that what he doesn’t understand ie: fire. So what better way to strike fear into the heart of man than put the threat of eternal damnation, and an ‘obey me or elseGod.

“If a man really believes that God once upheld slavery; that he commanded soldiers to kill women and babes; that he believed in polygamy; that he persecuted for opinion’s sake; that he will punish forever, and that he hates an unbeliever, the effect in my judgment will be bad. It always has been bad. This belief built the dungeons of the Inquisition. This belief made the Puritan murder the Quaker.” – Robert Ingersoll

When theists claim that they have a personal relationship with their God, that the Bible is the word of God, and the miracles, and acts God is responsible for, are fact, then I cannot help but think that they have a screw loose. If someone finds solace and comfort from their faith, then that’s fine, but believing that God is responsible for everything, and God is the first cause, is ludicrous. If the Bible is God’s word, and his wording is perfection, then there should be no inconsistencies, contradictions or illogical statements. The book of Genesis, which we all know is the first book of the Bible, is littered with errors, contradictions and repeated statements, so it’s not a great start, but at least it shows the reader what’s in store for them.

“Let us read the Bible without the ill-fitting colored spectacles of theology, just as we read other books, using our judgment and reason. . . .” – Luther Burbank

Another thing that I fail to understand is prayer, and if God is all-knowing (omniscient), and has unlimited power (omnipotent), is everywhere at once (omnipresence), what’s the point in prayer? A man can pray for peace, and another man can walk into that place of worship and execute mercilessly. If God is omnipresent, then why doesn’t he make the assailant miss, or make the gun jam, or strike them down? He doesn’t because he cannot, and he cannot as he doesn’t exist except in the mind of his flock!

Contradictions of Christianity

There are many common misconceptions and fallacies that theists love to push, like atheists are controlled by Satan, and we are going to Hell, and my personal favourite ‘Free Will’. Free will is an hilarious concept, and the fact that theists think that they have it is comedy gold.

Free will

If the Christian God is omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent, how can we have free will when he knows everything, is always watching us and holds all of the cards? If free will exists, sin cannot. If they have free will, it’s their choice as to what they do. Why suggest we have free will, if there’s a list of commandments saying ‘obey me or else!’? I really struggle to understand the failure of comprehension that theists have regarding this concept. Free will cannot exist.

Objective morality

I’ve covered this in depth in previous articles, but for something to be objective it has to fit a criteria.

1: To be objective it’s a person’s judgement that cannot be influenced by personal feelings, bias or opinions. It must be considered real and based on facts, and a universal truth.

2: God, whilst Christians are convinced of his existence, cannot be proven to exist. Faith is all they have, and the essence of faith is accepting something without evidence.

3: So combine point one and point two and the conclusion is that God’s existence cannot be proven, thus this alleged source of morality cannot be objective. Objective means being impartial to prejudice and reacting to facts only. Christians often cancel this out with their prejudice towards homosexuality, other religions, atheists and their history of aggressive racism.

Sin

A sin is the breaking of a religious or moral law, but if you look at Hebrew translations you’ll find that they had no word for sin, and the closest translation into English for the word chait (what Christians claim to mean sin) actually means ‘off the mark‘, or ‘a mistake‘. If it’s deemed as just a mistake, does this mean that Christianity’s alleged God is incapable of forgiveness? This brings us back to free will, as if I’m an alleged sinner for being an atheist and I’m going to Hell, where’s God’s compassion if he loves me?

Adam and Eve supposedly went against God’s wishes by eating from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Why did God request that they didn’t eat from it? Did he not wish them to know the difference between wrong and right by themselves, and wanted to pre-program them like the future sheep of his flock? When they realised they were naked they covered up their genitalia, but God obviously didn’t want this, he must have preferred them walking around with their junk swinging in the breeze. But because of their ‘sin‘ he made child birth painful, and some Christians claim that every sick child, every disease and every birth complication is because of their sin. But correct me if I’m wrong, didn’t Jesus sacrifice himself in a degrading, humiliating and brutally painful way so he could die for our sin? Did that not cancel out Adam and Eve being naughty, as if it didn’t, why did he die in vain?

The concept of sin was created for one purpose and one purpose only – CONTROL. Making someone feel guilty and putting the threat of eternal damnation into their minds, everyone is going to conform and do as they’re told. Free will? Yeah, right. But Christianity isn’t about control I hear you cry.

 “Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God.” – Romans 13:1

Divine truth

People that are capable of reason and independent thought know full well that due to the concoction of contradictions in the Bible, it cannot be a divine truth, as if it is actually the words of a God, he’s slightly confused. Old age perhaps? Over a few thousand years there have been multiple versions of the Bible, it’s been translated countless times by countless people, and it’s been edited and updated. How exactly can it be the word of God if he’s changing his mind as the years progress? Many Christians claim that there are no inconsistencies and it’s down to doubters lack of understanding, but some noted theologians admit there are inconsistencies but in their opinion that doesn’t mean that the Bible is false.

The Christian Old Testament is thirty nine books, the Jewish Old Testament is only twenty four as some book are combined, and the Roman Catholics have an additional seven books in their Old Testament which are known as the Deuterocanonicals. And it gets even more complicated than that, as different versions of the Bible word things alternatively, as do different sects of Christianity, depending on which section of the cult you belong to. It’s all confusing and incredibly unbelievable.

And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” – Genesis 6.3 New King James Bible

Then the LORD said, “I won’t let my life-giving breath remain in anyone forever. No one will live for more than a hundred and twenty years.” – Genesis 6.3 Contemporary English Version

And Jehovah saith, ‘My Spirit doth not strive in man — to the age; in their erring they [are] flesh:’ and his days have been an hundred and twenty years. – Genesis 6.3 Young’s literal translation.

As you can see, three translations, and three interpretations, and this is consistent with every chapter, in every book of the Bible. Over forty authors and over a thousand years to write and compile, and people genuinely believe it’s God’s word. Despite the inconsistencies in the three quotes, it’s not put forward as an estimation, as it seems like the word of God is attempting to make a point with the figure of one hundred and twenty. How upset must he be when he realised that Russian ‘Koku Istambulova’ lived passed his sell by date in excess of nine years!

Afterlife

I’m sure you’ll agree that life is extremely difficult and full of complexity, and most people know that actions have consequences, and if you’re lucky you’ll live to a nice old age. Why only Heaven and Hell? Sure it’s pretty much inline with every other religion having one afterlife with reward and one with punishment, but not everyone has the same start in life. Some people have a positive, loving upbringing, whereas others may have been born into a life of torment, poverty and hopelessness. So how can these people both be judged in the same way, or fairly? You could also have an atheist who’s spent their whole life helping and giving, but because they lack faith, they are destined to Hell, whereas someone could be a bigoted, zealot Christian, but goes to church and prays, and automatically they get a place in Heaven.

The Holy Trinity

As we all know, the Holy Trinity consists of God, Jesus and the Holy Ghost. Religious scholars claim that whilst Jesus was physically on Earth he taught the Old Testament, which outlined the atrocities committed by God. He never tried to denounce anything from the Old Testament, and allegedly publicly promoted it. If God and Jesus are the same, then Jesus was either an accomplice or solely responsible for genocidal, serial killing, and cruelty. But Jesus is perfect, pure and without sin, I hear you cry!

“And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.” – 2 Chronicles 21:15 King James Version

They entered into a covenant to seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, with all their heart and soul; and everyone who would not seek the Lord, the God of Israel, was to be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.” – 2 Chronicles 15:12-13 New American Bible

“Make ready to slaughter his sons for the guilt of their fathers; Lest they rise and posses the earth, and fill the breadth of the world with tyrants.” – Isaiah 14:21 New American Bible

These are three easily discoverable Bible verses that show that God was tyrannical and by association, so is Jesus.

Why did God wait more than 9,200,000,000 years after creating the universe to construct the Earth?

Why did God wait 4,500,000,000 years after creating the Earth to create human beings?

Why did God wait 100,000 years after creating modern human beings before making any contact with them?

Why did God allow 3,500 years to pass after the initial contact with humans was made before his Word had spread world-wide?

If God is a perfect creator and designer, why is the universe so chaotic, disordered, and messy?

Your average creationist believe that the Earth is between ten and twelve thousand years old. They dismiss the notion of evolution and either accept that dinosaurs co-existed with humans, or God put dinosaur bones underground to test our faith. Some Christians accept that this is nonsense, but still believe in the Adam and Eve story, despite an abundance of evidence that makes it impossible. Life began as single-cell, not fully formed, developed and intelligent human beings. I wrote articles not too long ago that address the start of life and abnormalities that either occur naturally, or God is incompetent or twisted, that can be found here.